supervisor的学习与使用

supervisor是用Python开发的一个client/server服务,是Linux/Unix系统下的一个进程管理工具。可以很方便的监听、启动、停止、重启一个或多个进程。用supervisor管理的进程,当一个进程意外被杀死,supervisor监听到进程死后,会自动将它重启,

安装 Supervisor

    yum install -y supervisor

配置找到 supervisord.ini


; Sample supervisor config file. ; ; For more information on the config file, please see: ; http://supervisord.org/configuration.html ; ; Notes: ; - Shell expansion ("~" or "$HOME") is not supported. Environment ; variables can be expanded using this syntax: "%(ENV_HOME)s". ; - Quotes around values are not supported, except in the case of ; the environment= options as shown below. ; - Comments must have a leading space: "a=b ;comment" not "a=b;comment". ; - Command will be truncated if it looks like a config file comment, e.g. ; "command=bash -c 'foo ; bar'" will truncate to "command=bash -c 'foo ". [unix_http_server] file=/usr/local/var/run/supervisor.sock ; the path to the socket file ;chmod=0700 ; socket file mode (default 0700) ;chown=nobody:nogroup ; socket file uid:gid owner ;username=user ; default is no username (open server) ;password=123 ; default is no password (open server) ;[inet_http_server] ; HTTP服务器,提供web管理界面 port=127.0.0.1:9001 ; Web管理后台运行的IP和端口,如果开放到公网,需要注意安全性 username=lingmo ; 登录管理后台的用户名 password=123 ; 登录管理后台的密码 [supervisord] logfile=/usr/local/var/log/supervisord.log ; 日志文件,默认是 $CWD/supervisord.log logfile_maxbytes=50MB ; 日志文件大小,超出会rotate,默认 50MB,如果设成0,表示不限制大小 logfile_backups=10 ; 日志文件保留备份数量默认10,设为0表示不备份 loglevel=info ; log level; default info; others: debug,warn,trace pidfile=/usr/local/var/run/supervisord.pid ; supervisord pidfile; default supervisord.pid nodaemon=false ; start in foreground if true; default false minfds=1024 ; min. avail startup file descriptors; default 1024 minprocs=200 ; min. avail process descriptors;default 200 ;umask=022 ; process file creation umask; default 022 ;user=supervisord ; setuid to this UNIX account at startup; recommended if root ;identifier=supervisor ; supervisord identifier, default is 'supervisor' ;directory=/tmp ; default is not to cd during start ;nocleanup=true ; don't clean up tempfiles at start; default false ;childlogdir=/tmp ; 'AUTO' child log dir, default $TEMP ;environment=KEY="value" ; key value pairs to add to environment ;strip_ansi=false ; strip ansi escape codes in logs; def. false ; The rpcinterface:supervisor section must remain in the config file for ; RPC (supervisorctl/web interface) to work. Additional interfaces may be ; added by defining them in separate [rpcinterface:x] sections. [rpcinterface:supervisor] supervisor.rpcinterface_factory = supervisor.rpcinterface:make_main_rpcinterface ; The supervisorctl section configures how supervisorctl will connect to ; supervisord. configure it match the settings in either the unix_http_server ; or inet_http_server section. [supervisorctl] serverurl=unix:///usr/local/var/run/supervisor.sock ; use a unix:// URL for a unix socket ;serverurl=http://127.0.0.1:9001 ; use an http:// url to specify an inet socket ;username=chris ; should be same as in [*_http_server] if set ;password=123 ; should be same as in [*_http_server] if set ;prompt=mysupervisor ; cmd line prompt (default "supervisor") ;history_file=~/.sc_history ; use readline history if available ; The sample program section below shows all possible program subsection values. ; Create one or more 'real' program: sections to be able to control them under ; supervisor. ;[program:theprogramname] ;command=/bin/cat ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args) ;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s) ;numprocs=1 ; number of processes copies to start (def 1) ;directory=/tmp ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd) ;umask=022 ; umask for process (default None) ;priority=999 ; the relative start priority (default 999) ;autostart=true ; start at supervisord start (default: true) ;startsecs=1 ; # of secs prog must stay up to be running (def. 1) ;startretries=3 ; max # of serial start failures when starting (default 3) ;autorestart=unexpected ; when to restart if exited after running (def: unexpected) ;exitcodes=0 ; 'expected' exit codes used with autorestart (default 0) ;stopsignal=QUIT ; signal used to kill process (default TERM) ;stopwaitsecs=10 ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10) ;stopasgroup=false ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false) ;killasgroup=false ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false) ;user=chrism ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program ;redirect_stderr=true ; redirect proc stderr to stdout (default false) ;stdout_logfile=/a/path ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO ;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB) ;stdout_logfile_backups=10 ; # of stdout logfile backups (0 means none, default 10) ;stdout_capture_maxbytes=1MB ; number of bytes in 'capturemode' (default 0) ;stdout_events_enabled=false ; emit events on stdout writes (default false) ;stdout_syslog=false ; send stdout to syslog with process name (default false) ;stderr_logfile=/a/path ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO ;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB) ;stderr_logfile_backups=10 ; # of stderr logfile backups (0 means none, default 10) ;stderr_capture_maxbytes=1MB ; number of bytes in 'capturemode' (default 0) ;stderr_events_enabled=false ; emit events on stderr writes (default false) ;stderr_syslog=false ; send stderr to syslog with process name (default false) ;environment=A="1",B="2" ; process environment additions (def no adds) ;serverurl=AUTO ; override serverurl computation (childutils) ; The sample eventlistener section below shows all possible eventlistener ; subsection values. Create one or more 'real' eventlistener: sections to be ; able to handle event notifications sent by supervisord. ;[eventlistener:theeventlistenername] ;command=/bin/eventlistener ; the program (relative uses PATH, can take args) ;process_name=%(program_name)s ; process_name expr (default %(program_name)s) ;numprocs=1 ; number of processes copies to start (def 1) ;events=EVENT ; event notif. types to subscribe to (req'd) ;buffer_size=10 ; event buffer queue size (default 10) ;directory=/tmp ; directory to cwd to before exec (def no cwd) ;umask=022 ; umask for process (default None) ;priority=-1 ; the relative start priority (default -1) ;autostart=true ; start at supervisord start (default: true) ;startsecs=1 ; # of secs prog must stay up to be running (def. 1) ;startretries=3 ; max # of serial start failures when starting (default 3) ;autorestart=unexpected ; autorestart if exited after running (def: unexpected) ;exitcodes=0 ; 'expected' exit codes used with autorestart (default 0) ;stopsignal=QUIT ; signal used to kill process (default TERM) ;stopwaitsecs=10 ; max num secs to wait b4 SIGKILL (default 10) ;stopasgroup=false ; send stop signal to the UNIX process group (default false) ;killasgroup=false ; SIGKILL the UNIX process group (def false) ;user=chrism ; setuid to this UNIX account to run the program ;redirect_stderr=false ; redirect_stderr=true is not allowed for eventlisteners ;stdout_logfile=/a/path ; stdout log path, NONE for none; default AUTO ;stdout_logfile_maxbytes=1MB ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB) ;stdout_logfile_backups=10 ; # of stdout logfile backups (0 means none, default 10) ;stdout_events_enabled=false ; emit events on stdout writes (default false) ;stdout_syslog=false ; send stdout to syslog with process name (default false) ;stderr_logfile=/a/path ; stderr log path, NONE for none; default AUTO ;stderr_logfile_maxbytes=1MB ; max # logfile bytes b4 rotation (default 50MB) ;stderr_logfile_backups=10 ; # of stderr logfile backups (0 means none, default 10) ;stderr_events_enabled=false ; emit events on stderr writes (default false) ;stderr_syslog=false ; send stderr to syslog with process name (default false) ;environment=A="1",B="2" ; process environment additions ;serverurl=AUTO ; override serverurl computation (childutils) ; The sample group section below shows all possible group values. Create one ; or more 'real' group: sections to create "heterogeneous" process groups. ;[group:thegroupname] ;programs=progname1,progname2 ; each refers to 'x' in [program:x] definitions ;priority=999 ; the relative start priority (default 999) ; The [include] section can just contain the "files" setting. This ; setting can list multiple files (separated by whitespace or ; newlines). It can also contain wildcards. The filenames are ; interpreted as relative to this file. Included files *cannot* ; include files themselves. [include] files = /usr/local/etc/supervisor.d/*.conf;supervisord.d目录用来存放用户自定义的进程配置

新建supervisord.d目录 我的进程RocketMQPull.conf

    [program:rocketmq-pull]
    process_name=%(program_name)s_%(process_num)02d
    command=php /xxx/artisan  RocketMQ:Pull
    autostart=true
    autorestart=true
    user=mumaxiansheng
    numprocs=2
    redirect_stderr=true
    stdout_logfile=/xxx/rocketmq-pull_worker.log

常用命令介绍


supervisord -c /etc/supervisord.conf 启动服务 supervisorctl status 查看所有进程的状态 supervisorctl stop es 停止es supervisorctl start es 启动es supervisorctl restart es 重启es supervisorctl update 配置文件修改后可以使用该命令加载新的配置
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